Authors: Etan Bloom and Liat Josefsberg Ben-Yehoshua
This review proposes a conceptual, theoretical, and practical mapping of resilience. In Chapter 1 resilience is defined and its modes of representation in research and theoretical aspects detailed. The concept of resilience has evolved – its objects changing from focusing on psychological and internal aspects to looking at environmental and social factors. In Chapter 2, the factors that create resilience are described and analyzed, in a detailed list that includes protective factors, each of which paves a path to resilience. The research literature divides these factors into personality factors and environmental factors, which include a wide range of relationships with the environment and perceptions, including listening, reflectivity, optimism, emotional intelligence, and a sense of humor. The theme of Chapter 3 is resilience as a multi-system. Here the discussion is on the importance of cooperation between an individual’s circles (family, school, community) and creating space in which resilience can evolve. Teachers’ resilience is also discussed, because if teachers are to impart resilience to students they themselves must have it; just as there are protective factors for students so there are protective factors for teachers. Chapter 4 offers a variety of practices and applied tools for teaching resilience and for developing the students’ protective factors, all aimed at strengthening certain components of resilience such as classroom relationships, social and emotional abilities, critical thinking, as well as concentration, meditation, and breathing exercises.
Authors: Barak Bar-Zohar and Liat Josefsberg Ben-Yehoshua
The current analytic literature review focus upon the emergence of innovation centers within the field of education. This review analyzes the concept of innovation in education, presents four model of innovation centers in education (governmental, school-based, private and municipal) and defines additional relevant terms, such as: adaptability, creativity, entrepreneurship, sustainability, futurism and ecosystem. In addition, the present review addresses the main challenges of innovation in education, the prominent evaluation methods of innovation centers and both the virtues and the challenges of technology on innovation in education. This literature review presents and outlines 19 active innovation centers operating in Israel and investigates a well-known Estonian innovation center: Tallinn University Center of Excellence on Educational Innovation. This line of investigation points out the Estonian center’s practice, vision, agenda, goals, members, budget, training process, success measures, evaluation system, technological infrastructure, work environment and target audience. Lastly, this analysis discusses the insights, implications and consequences of the field of educational innovation centers in particular and innovation in education in general.