Literature reviews 2016

Author: Daniel Sperling

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The research review deals with research ethics in general and ethics in educational research more specifically. After short introduction of the development of research ethics including existing regulation, the review discusses the various characteristics of educational research ethics and refers to recent regulation by the Israeli Ministry of Education as well as to codes of ethics issued by organizations of educational research in the US, Australia and the UK. In addition, it illuminates and discusses the major principles of research ethics including expected benefit; risks and harms; informed consent of research participants; protection of research participants’ rights, including the right to human dignity, privacy, personal security, etc. Other principles include protection of information obtained during research, duty to disclose true information and to engage in objective research while promoting professional standards; duty to protect vulnerable populations related to the research; duty to abstain from conflict of interest; collaboration and integrity. The review goes on to discuss five models of ethical approvals in different research institutions with specific interest in institutional review boards or research ethics committees. These institutions are: Harvard University, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Tel-Aviv University, the Open University and HaKibutzim Seminar Teacher Education college. Finally, the review concludes by discussing three major issues that arise from the previous discussion: the composite of research ethics committees, the training of its members and their immunity from legal or professional responsibility.